I've worked as an eligibility worker for the NM Human Services Dept./Income Support Division for 7 years and as a Social Security Disability Adjudicator for the NM Dept. of Vocational Rehab. I am familiar with "Welfare" (TANF), Medicaid, SNAP (Food Stamps), SSI, SSDI & SSA. As far as State Aid, monies provided by the Feds, the philosophy of eligibility is 'income based' as opposed to 'universal' coverage. The only universal program is Social Security, but still determined on completing 10 years in one's working life. Less than that means ineligibility. Income based or 'means tested' programs always require answering questions about income, marriage, child support, and many other inquiries into a recipients life. Ethnicity, religion, and politics are irrelevant. Citizenship is required for all programs, federal or State, which is easy to determine by birth certificate or SS number. Agencies also have access to Unemployment Insurance, Social Security, SSI, and other sources of income through different federal and State databases. The Agency relies on the client to provide, marriage and living condition questions; a negative cannot be disproved without seriously intrusive investigation, e.g., for TANF, does you spouse live with you? A 'no' must be accepted, unless the agency has proof of falsehood. Obviously rent, income, etc., are easier to verify, e.g., pay stubs, rent receipt. A universal system would do away with many of the more intrusive questions and investigations. Citizenship would be the most important requirement.
Source : https://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/local_news/welfare-states-when-single-mothers-are-forced-to-share-intimate-details-to-receive-aid/article_7e6a0d3c-156b-11ec-a100-4beb50b5a826.html240